Estrogen is a hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle and is crucial for a woman’s development and reproduction. It also affects various aspects of the body, from gender characteristics and sexual behavior to temperature regulation, cardiovascular health, and bone density. When estrogen production declines during menopause, women experience a range of changes, including an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, decreased bone density, changes in temperature regulation, sleep disturbances, mood swings, and memory issues.
New studies are constantly revealing the many roles estrogen plays in the body. For example, research conducted by University College London suggests that estrogen may have a protective role in preventing memory disorders, such as dementia. The timing of menopause and exposure to estrogen throughout a woman’s life seem to influence the risk of developing memory disorders. This research is based on data from 273,260 women as part of the British Biobank project.
However, other studies have shown contradictory results regarding the link between estrogen and dementia. The uncertainty and varied results can be attributed to factors such as the reliability of participants’ memories, the diverse types of memory disorders, and the influence of other variables on the results.
Despite the mixed findings, it is clear that estrogen plays a significant role in protecting the heart and blood vessels. Hormone therapy during menopause has been associated with both benefits and drawbacks, such as reducing the risk of certain health issues while potentially increasing the risk of others, like breast cancer. The decision to pursue hormone therapy is best made on an individual basis, taking into account the specific risks and benefits for each person.