On November 21, 1996, over 120,000 Croatian citizens gathered on Zagreb’s main square to protest and save Radio 101. The spontaneous protest was in response to an invitation from HHO sent through the radio airwaves, resulting in the largest civil protest for freedom of the media and public speech in Croatia’s recent history. Radio 101 was an independent radio station that was ultimately saved by citizens, and it officially began broadcasting 24 hours a day on May 8, 1984, initially known as Youth Radio before being renamed Radio 101 in 1990. Despite facing attempts at censorship, the station was known for its commitment to free journalism and promotion of democratic values.
The first successful manned hot air balloon flight occurred exactly 240 years ago on November 21, 1783. French brothers Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier ignited a mixture of straw and wool to lift their Montgolfière balloon for a 25-minute flight over Paris, marking the beginning of modern aviation and aeronautics.
Mary Shelley’s influential science fiction horror novel “Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus” was first published on January 1, 1818, in London. The novel tells the story of young scientist Victor Frankenstein, who creates a monster. The novel was brought to life on the screen for the first time on November 21, 1931, with Boris Karloff playing the monster and Colin Clive portraying the scientist. Since then, the story has been adapted multiple times, with various interpretations departing from the original story.